Proclamation No. 681/2010 Vehicles Identification, Inspection and Registration Proclamation | GOALGOOLE | Because you need Information for your goals !
7023 Bole Kifle Ketema, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
0116616179/85 mcc@ethionet.et

Proclamation No. 681/2010 Vehicles Identification, Inspection and Registration Proclamation

PROCLAMATION NO. 681/2010.
A PROCLAMATION TO PROVIDE FOR THE
IDENTIFICATION INSPECTION AND
REGISTRATION OF VEHICLES

WHEREAS, the prevailing occurrence of traffic accident against humanity and property arise, among other factors, due to the deficiency of vehicles registration and annual inspection procedure;
WHEREAS, it has become necessary to set internationally acceptable standard to implement uniform vehicles registration and annual inspection procedure at the national level;
NOW, THEREFORE, in accordance with Article 55 (1) of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia it is hereby proclaimed as follows:

PART ONE
GENERAL

1.    Short Title
This Proclamation may be cited as the “Vehicles Identification, Inspection and Registration Proclamation No. 681/2010.”
2.    Definitions
In this Proclamation, unless the context otherwise requires:
1/ “vehicle” means any type of wheeled motor vehicle other than special military vehicles, for use on roads classified as carriage, bicycle, motor vehicle, semi-trailer and trailer;
2/ “carriage” means any vehicle other than a bicycle, a motor vehicle, a semi-trailer and trailer;
3/ “bicycle” means a vehicle moving by the motive power of the person operating the same;
4/ “motor vehicle” means any vehicle moving on a road by mechanical or electrical power;
5/ “trailer or semi-trailer” means a vehicle which has not its own motor power and which is capable of being attached and drawn by a motor vehicle;
6/ “special mobile equipment” means any vehicle designed, adopted or used for agricultural, horticultural, livestock raising, road construction, building, digging or any other similar operation, and not designed or use for the transportation of persons or goods;
7/ “registered vehicle” means a vehicle registered in the name of the owner upon ensuring the completeness of the necessary documents;
8/ “identification number” means the combination of numbers, letters and symbols which the appropriate organ shall assign to a vehicle upon certification of its title;
9/ “annual inspection sticker” means a tag valid for one year that indicates the technical worthiness of a motor vehicle to be operated on road;
10/ “identification number plate” means a plate upon which the identification number of a particular vehicle is printed and which is affixed to the vehicle for easy identification on the road;
11/ “international traffic” means a vehicle registered in a foreign country recognized to operate on the road of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia; provided however, that such recognition shall be effected on the basis of reciprocity;
12/ “carriage of handicap” means any vehicle designed and used solely for the transport of handicap persons such as wheel chair and tricycle;
13/ “inventory vehicle” means any vehicle which is part of the stock of any manufacturer, dealer, re-builder or wrecker kept for sale;
14/ “manufacturer” means any person engaged in the business of manufacturing or assembling vehicles;
15/ “defense force vehicle” means any vehicle owned by the Ministry of National Defense that is used strictly for military purposes;
16/ “official records” means all applications, customs documents, technical inspection forms, pieces of correspondence and other documents required pursuant to this Proclamation for proper title certification and annual inspection;
17/ “official register” means the registry in which all particulars of title certification of vehicles and annual inspections are entered;
18/ “possessor” means any person having the right to enjoy the immediate use and control of a vehicle, without necessarily having the full rights of ownership;
19/ “re-builder” means any person engaged in the business of materially altering vehicles from their original construction by the removal, alternation or addition of essential parts, whether new or used;
20/ “inspection period” means the annual period of inspection conducted for vehicles;
21/ “wrecker” means any person engaged in the business of scrapping vehicles and salvaging their reusable parts;
22/ “title certificate book” means declaration of ownership issued by the appropriate organ to the owner of a vehicle;
23/ “temporary operating permit” means transitional permit issued by the appropriate organ for the preparation of registration;
24/ “dealer” means any person who engages in the business of buying and selling of vehicles;
25/ “vehicle inspection” means technical inspection conducted to ensure that a vehicle is technically worthy of being driven on the road;
26/ “Authority” means the Transport Authority established under the Transport Proclamation No. 468/2005;
27/ “appropriate organ” means the Authority or a regional state organ empowered to register and inspect vehicles;
28/ “person” means a natural or juridical person;
29/ any expression in the masculine gender includes the feminine.
3.    Scope of Application
This Proclamation shall apply to vehicles operating on Ethiopian roads.

PART TWO
REGISTRATION AND TITLE
CERTIFICATION

4.    Requirement of Registration and Title Certificate Book
The owner of any vehicle upon registration shall obtain a title certificate book for the vehicle from the appropriate organ in order to operate the said vehicle on any road.
5.    Exemption from Registration and Title Certificate Book
The following vehicles shall be exempted from the requirement of registration and obtaining title certificate book:
1/ inventory vehicles;
2/ vehicles engaged in international traffic;
3/ special mobile equipment with a maximum speed of less than 20 km per hour;
4/ carriages of handicaps.
6.    Application for Registration and Title Certificate Book
1/ Any application to be submitted to the appropriate organ for registration and title certificate book relating to an imported vehicle shall be accompanied with customs declaration of the vehicle and other necessary documents.
2/ Any application to be submitted to the appropriate organ for registration and title certificate book relating to a vehicles manufactured within the country shall be accompanied with sales invoice of the vehicle and other relevant documents.
3/ Any person, to whom a vehicle is transferred by way of sale, donation, succession or otherwise, shall apply to the appropriate organ within six months for the re-issuance of the title certificate book in his own name.
4/ The application to be submitted pursuant to sub-article (3) of this Article shall be accompanied with the former title certificate book issued with respect to the vehicle and with a document issued or authenticated by the concerned body to attest the legality of the transfer.
7.    Registration of Vehicle and Issuance of Title Certificate Book
1/ The appropriate organ shall, upon being satisfied as to the genuineness and regularity of the application submitted to it under Article 6 of this Proclamation, the technical conformity of the vehicle and its fitness for the purpose registered and upon payment of the prescribed fees, enter the following particulars of the vehicle in an official register and file all documentation received in the official records:
a)    the name of the owner and his address;
b)    chassis number and manufacturing date;
c)    motor number and manufacturing date;
d)    number of seats or loading capacity, length and width;
e)    color;
f)    weather customs duty is paid or not; and
g)    other relevant information.
2/ The appropriate organ shall, upon registration of a vehicle under sub-article (1) of this Article, issue the applicant with a title certificate book thereof.
8.    Change of Registration and Correction and Replacement of Title Certificate Book
1/ Where the holder of a title certificate book becomes aware of an error in the particulars entered in the official register or the title certificate book, he shall notify within 30 days from the date of issuance of the same to the appropriate organ and present the book for correction. In such case, he shall be required to pay the prescribed fees unless the error was totally attributable to the fault of the appropriate organ.
2/ Where a change of fact occur in the particulars entered in the official register or the title certificate book, the holder thereof shall, within 30 days notify the appropriate organ and present the book for the amendment of the register and the book accordingly, upon payment of the prescribed fee.
3/ Where a title certificate book is lost, damaged or becomes illegible, the holder thereof shall promptly submit an application to the appropriate organ for a replacement.
4/ The appropriate organ shall, upon receipt of an application in accordance with sub-article (3) of this Proclamation and payment of the prescribed fees, issue to the applicant a replacement title certificate book.
5/ A person who has recovered a title certificate book for which a replacement has been issued shall promptly surrender the extra title certificate book to the appropriate organ for cancellation and destruction.
9.    Surrender of Title Certificate Book
Where any vehicle has been exported, scrapped or permanently removed from use on the roads, the owner or possessor thereof shall, within 30 days, surrender the title certificate book to the appropriate organ for its cancellation.

PART THREE
IDENTIFICATION NUMBER PLATES

SECTION ONE
COMMON PROVISIONS

10.    Requirement of Identification Number Plate
Any vehicle may not be operated on any road unless an identification number plate issued by the appropriate organ has been affixed to it.
11.    Exemptions from Identification Number Plate
The provisions of Article 10 of this Proclamation shall not be applicable with respect to the following vehicles:
1/ vehicles engaged in international traffic;
2/ special mobile equipment with maximum speed of less than 20 km per hour;
3/ carriages of handicaps.
12.    Display of Identification Number Plates
1/ Identification number plates shall be affixed and displayed as follows:
a)    in case of a motor cycle, at the right angle to the longitudinal axis of the back of the motor cycle;
b)    in case of a motor vehicle, at the right angles to the longitudinal axis of both the front and back elevations of the vehicle arranged for such purpose;
c)    in case of a trailer, at the right angle to the longitudinal axis of the back of the trailer arranged for such purpose.
2/ An identification number plate of any vehicle shall be displayed so as to be clearly distinguishable and be free from any obstruction.
13.    Exchange and Replacement of Identification Number Plates
1/ Where the owner or possessor of a vehicle becomes aware of a defect in the color or letter combination or any other feature of an identification number plate, he shall, within 10 days starting from the date of issuance of the same present the plate to the appropriate organ for exchange with the correct plate. In such case, he shall be required to pay the prescribed fees unless the defect was totally attributable to the fault of the appropriate organ.
2/ Where an identification number plate is lost, damaged or becomes illegible, the owner or possessor of the vehicle shall promptly submit an application to the appropriate organ for a replacement.
3/ The appropriate organ shall, upon receipt of an application pursuant to sub-article (2) of this Article and payment of the prescribed fees, issue to the applicant a replacement identification number plate.
4/ A person who has recovered an identification number plate for which a replacement has been issued shall promptly surrender the extra plate to the appropriate organ for destruction.
14.    Absence of Identification Number Plates
1/ The absence of a vehicle’s identification number plate shall be regarded as prima facie evidence that the vehicle has not had its title properly certified. The onus of proving that the title of the vehicle in question has been properly certified shall rest with the possessor of the said vehicle.
2/ Where a vehicle being operated on any road does not bear proper identification number plates, the appropriate law enforcement body shall have the power to detain such vehicle until the facts of ownership are properly certified.
15.    Types and Symbols of Identification Number Plates
1/ The types and symbols of identification number plates to be issued by the appropriate organ shall be as prescribed in the Schedule attached hereto.
2/ Without prejudice to sub-article (1) of this Article, the content, form, size and security features of identification number plates shall be determined by the Authority.

SECTION TWO
PERMANENT IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER PLATES

16.    Issuance of Permanent Identification Number Plates
Where the appropriate organ issues a title certificate book on the basis of an application submitted pursuant to sub-article (1), (2) or (3) of Article 6 of this Proclamation, it shall, upon payment of the prescribed fees, issue the required quantities of permanent identification number plates with respect to the vehicle in question.
17.    Validity of Permanent Identification Number Plates
Any permanent identification number plate shall, unless exchanged or replaced pursuant to Article 13 of this Proclamation, remain valid until the vehicle has been scrapped or permanently removed from use on the road.
18.    Surrender of Permanent Identification Number Plates
Where the validity period of any identification number plate expires as provided for in Article 17 of this Proclamation, the owner or possessor of the vehicle shall surrender the plate to the appropriate organ together with the title certificate book to be surrendered in accordance with Article 9 of this Proclamation.

SECTION THREE
TEMPORARY IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER PLATES

19.    Issuance of Temporary Identification Number Plates
Where it becomes impossible to issue a permanent identification number plate simultaneously with a title certificate book in accordance with Article 16 of this Proclamation or where there is a compelling reason to operate a vehicle on any road prior to the issuance of a title certificate book, the appropriate organ may, upon payment of the prescribed fees, issue the required quantities of temporary identification number plates and temporary operating permit with respect to the vehicle in question.
20.    Validity Period of Temporary Identification Number Plates
1/ A temporary identification number plate shall be valid for a period of 15 days from the date of issuance.
2/ Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-article (1) of this Article the validity period of temporary identification number plate may, upon payment of the prescribed fees, be extended twice by the appropriate organ for additional 15 days each.
3/ Where the validity period of a temporary identification number plate expires or a permanent identification number plate is issued within its validity period, the owner or possessor of the vehicle shall immediately return the plate to the appropriate organ.

SECTION FOUR
TRANSFERABLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER PLANTES

21.    Use of Transferable Identification Number Plate
1/ A transferable identification number plate may be used interchangeably among inventory vehicles belonging to a manufacturer, dealer or re-builder of vehicles.
2/ A vehicle displaying a transferable identification number plate may be operated on any road for the following purposes only:
a)    transfer from port of entry or place of acquisition to place of business;
b)    occasional transfer from storage area to a showroom or retail display area, and vise versa;
c)    testing or demonstration drive of a total round trip distance not exceeding 25 kilometers;
d)    transfer form place of business to place of delivery to a buyer or other transferee; or
e)    transfer to inspection and registration place.
3/ Transferable identification number plates may never be used in connection with service vehicles of a manufacturer, dealer or re-builder of vehicles.
22.    Issuance of Transferable Identification Number Plates
1/ Any vehicle manufacturer, dealer or re-builder seeking transferable identification number plates shall submit his application to the appropriate organ together with a copy of his license authorizing him to engage in such business.
2/ The appropriate organ shall, upon being satisfied as to the genuineness and regularity of the application submitted as well as the accompanying copy of license and upon payment of the prescribed fees, issue the requested transferable identification number plates to the applicant.
23.    Validity Period of Transferable Identification Number Plates
1/ A transferable identification number plate shall be valid for one year from the date of issuance.
2/ The appropriate organ may extend the validity period of a transferable identification number plate for one year when requested to do so upon payment of the prescribed fees with respect to each renewal.
24.    Records of Use of Transferable Identification Number Plates
1/ Any vehicle manufacturer, dealer or re-builder issued with transit identification number plates shall keep a record, as prescribed by the appropriate organ, of the vehicles with respect to which the plates are used and report the same monthly to the appropriate organ.
2/ The record referred to in sub-article (1) of this Article shall be open for inspection by any authorized employee of the appropriate organ or any traffic police.

PART FOUR
VEHICLES ANNUAL INSPECTION

25.    Requirement of Annual Inspection
Any vehicle may not be operated on any road unless inspected and an annual inspection sticker is being displayed on it.
26.    Exemptions from Annual Inspection
The following vehicles may not be required to be inspected annually:
1/ vehicles engaged in international traffic;
2/ inventory vehicles;
3/ special mobile equipment with a maximum speed of less than 20 km per hour; and
4/ carriages of handicaps.
27.    Presentation of Vehicles for Inspection
1/ The owner or possessor of a vehicle shall present the vehicle for annual inspection in accordance with the provisions of this Proclamation.
2/ The appropriate organ may extend the period of inspection for not more than two months in case of a sufficient cause that prevent an applicant to present his vehicle for inspection in accordance with sub-article (1) of this article within the inspection period.
28.    Inspection Stations
1/ An inspection station established by the appropriate organ or an organization delegated by the appropriate organ shall undertake annual inspection of vehicles in accordance with the inspection criteria provided for in Article 29 of this Proclamation.
2/ Any organization delegated pursuant to sub-article (1) of this Article shall be liable in accordance with the contract of agency concluded with the appropriate organ for not ensuring strict observance of the inspection criteria in undertaking annual inspection of vehicles.
29.    Inspection Criteria
1/ An authorized inspector of an inspection station shall inspect each vehicle presented for the purpose of establishing:
a)    the authenticity of the numbers and letters placed on the body, chassis or engine or the vehicle by the manufacturer and which are included in the particulars of its title certificate book or official register for the purpose of identifying the vehicle,
b)    the vehicle’s road worthiness in performing, in a safe manner, the purposes for which it is registered,
c)    the vehicle’s compliance with the standards, set in accordance with the law, relation to its construction, equipment, size, weight, and fitness for the purpose for which it is registered, and
d)    the vehicle’s compliance with environment pollution protection standards as per the appropriate law.
2/ Without prejudice to sub-article (1) of this Article the Authority may issue directives to provide for additional inspection criteria and the implementation of this Article.
30.    Inspection Certificates
The authorized inspector shall, upon being satisfied that a vehicle has fully met the inspection criteria, immediately issue an inspection certificate with respect to the vehicle.
31.    Validity Period of Inspection Certificate
1/ An inspection certificate shall be valid for a period of one year from the date of its issuance.
2/ Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-article (1) of this Article, the validity period of an inspection certificate issued with respect to a vehicle presented after the expiry of the registration period shall start counting from the last day of the regular inspection period.
32.    Issuance of Annual Inspection Sticker
1/ The appropriate organ, upon receipt of an application for an annual inspection sticker, shall:
a)    compare the application with its official register and records;
b)    check the identification numbers of the vehicle on the application against its list of stolen and converted vehicles;
c)    verify that the applicant is, in fact, the owner or possessor of the vehicle or is a duly authorized representative of such person.
2/ The appropriate organ shall, on the basis or its findings under sub-article (1) of this Article and the inspection certificate issued pursuant to Article 30 of this Proclamation and upon payment of the prescribed fees, issue an annual inspection sticker to the applicant with respect to the inspected vehicle.
33.    Display of Annual Inspection Sticker
1/ An annual inspection sticker issued with respect to a motor vehicle shall be displayed on the right side lower corner of the windscreen of the vehicle.
2/ In cases of a motor vehicle without windscreen, the annual inspection sticker shall be carried in the vehicle while it is being operated on any road and presented to any traffic police officer when requested.
3/ In cases of a trailer, the annual inspection sticker shall be displayed alongside the annual inspection sticker of the motor vehicle that draws the trailer.
34.    Correction and Replacement of Annual Inspection Sticker
1/ Where the owner or possessor of a vehicle becomes aware of an error in the particulars entered in an annual inspection sticker, he shall, within 10 days starting from the date of issuance of the same, present the sticker to the appropriate organ for correction. In such case, he shall be required to pay the prescribed fees unless the error was totally attributable to the fault of the appropriate organ.
2/ Where a change of fact occur in the particulars of an annual inspection sticker, the owner or possessor of the vehicle shall, within 10 days, present the sticker to the appropriate organ for its amendment accordingly, upon payment of the prescribed fees.
3/ Where an annual inspection sticker is lost, damaged or becomes illegible, the owner or possessor of the vehicle shall promptly submit an application to the appropriate organ for a replacement.
4/ Where an application is submitted to the appropriate organ in accordance with sub-article (3) of this Article, it shall, upon payment of the prescribed fees, issue to the applicant a replacement annual inspection sticker.
5/ A person who has recovered an annual inspection sticker for which a replacement has been issued shall promptly surrender the extra annual inspection sticker to the appropriate organ for cancellation and destruction.
35.    Validity Period of Annual Inspection Sticker
The validity period of an annual inspection sticker shall be the same as that of the inspection certificate on the basis of which it is issued.
36.    Absence of Annual Inspection Sticker
1/ The absence of a vehicle’s annual inspection sticker shall be regarded as prima facie evidence that the vehicle has not been inspected. The onus of proving that the vehicle in question has been inspected shall rest with the owner or possessor of the said vehicle.
2/ Where a vehicle is operated on any road in violation of Article 33 of this Proclamation the appropriate law enforcement body shall have the power to detain the said vehicle until the facts of registration is properly certified.
37.    Special Inspection
1/ The appropriate organ may, where it finds it necessary, conduct a special inspection of a vehicle irrespective of the fact that the requirements of Article 30 of this Proclamation is complied with.
2/ The appropriate law enforcement body may require the presentation of a vehicle for a special inspection to be conducted in accordance with sub-article (1) of this Article where the vehicle is obviously:-
a)    not in a road worthy condition;
b)    not in compliance with the standards, set in accordance with the law, relating to its construction, equipment, size or weight; or
c)    damaged to a substantial degree due to an accident.
3/ No fee shall be charged for special inspection conducted pursuant to this Article.

PART FIVE
OFFICIAL REGISTER AND RECOREDS OF
VEHCILES

38.    Maintenance of Official Register and Records
The appropriate organ shall properly maintain official register and records of vehicles that have been certified and registered as well as their cumulative list of the current year.
39.    List of Stolen or Converted Vehicles
1/ The appropriate organ shall keep and properly maintain a cumulative list of stolen, converted, recovered and unclaimed vehicles reported to it; and upon request, distribute the list to the appropriate bodies.
2/ The appropriate organ may publish such lists in any newspaper, as it may deem fit and proper.
40.    Access to Official Register and Records
1/ Upon request and payment of the prescribed fees, the appropriate organ shall allow any interested party to inspect the official register and records or to take a certified copy of any document contained therein.
2/ No fee shall be charged where any law enforcement body for which such inspection or certified copy is necessary for the proper discharge of its duties.
41.    Precedence of Evidence
1/ Applications, correspondences, forms and documents maintained in the official records and notations in the official register shall constitute prima facie evidence of the facts recorded therein.
2/ In the event of dispute between transferees of ownership with respect to a vehicle, precedence of evidence shall be determined on the basis of the order of the date of issuance of the title certificate book.

PART SIX
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

42.    Prohibitions
No person may:
1/ use, without obtaining a written permit from the appropriate organ, color or letter combinations or symbols not specified in the schedule attached hereto for the identification number plate of his vehicle;
2/ affix advertisement or any other signs on or around the identification number plate;
3/ fix his vehicle with extra lights other than the ordinary lights affixed by the manufacturer;
4/ keep dolls or other decorative objects in a manner that obstructs the vision of the driver; or
5/ alter on the body of his vehicle any information included in the particulars of the title certificate book or scrap the vehicle, without prior authorization of the appropriate organ.
43.    Warning Signs
The appropriate organ may, whenever it deems it necessary, order the affixation of reflective warning signs on a vehicle.
44.    Manufacturing and Digits of Plates
The Authority may, without prejudice to its duty to manufacture and distribute plates, introduce additional configuration of alphabets and numbers of plates when it is deemed necessary.
45.    Defense Force Vehicles
1/ Title certificate books, identification number plates and annual inspection stickers of defense force vehicles shall be issued by the Ministry of National Defense.
2/ The color and letter combinations and symbols of identification number plates to be issued with respect to defense force vehicles shall be different from those specified under the Schedule attached hereto.
3/ Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-articles(1) and (2) of this Article, this Proclamation shall, mutatis mutandis, be applicable with respect to defense force vehicles.
46.    Vehicles Engaged in International Traffic
Subject to the principles of reciprocity, any vehicle engaged in international traffic may be operated on the roads of Ethiopia for a maximum period of one month only, from the date of its entry, unless a temporary operating permit has been obtained from the Authority.
47.    Registration and Inspection Fees
Fees to be charged for registration and inspection of vehicles and other related services shall be prescribed by:
1/ regulation to be issued by the Council of Ministers with regard to vehicles to be registered by the Authority;
2/ legislations of regional states with regard to vehicles to be registered by regional state organs.
48.    Penalty
1/ Any person who:
a)    presents his vehicle for inspection after the expiry of the regular annual inspection period shall be punished with a fine of Birr 100 for each fifteen days of delay;
b)    operates his vehicle, although inspected, without affixing annual inspection sticker or violating the prohibitions provided under sub-article (2), (3) and (4) of Article 42 of this Proclamation shall be punished with a fine or birr 200 (two hundred birr). Operates his vehicle while bearing mutilated or not properly visible identification number plate shall be punished with a fine of birr 500 (five hundred birr);
c)    operates a vehicle which has not undergone annual inspection or while required to do so this to transfer the vehicle’s title certificate book in his own name within six months shall be punished with fine of birr 700 (seven hundred birr);
d)    operates a vehicle without observing the written instruction of the appropriate organ to fix defects observed on the vehicle’s body within five working days shall be punished with a fine of birr 1000 (one thousand birr).
2/ Any person who:
a)    operates a vehicle by affixing to it an annual inspection sticker issued for another vehicle or forged;
b)    operates a vehicle without bearing an identification number plate or affixes an identification number plate issued for another vehicle or forged or operates a vehicle bearing such identification number plate;
c)    makes a change, without informing the appropriate authority, on the chassis number, motor number or manufacturing date of a vehicle or prohibited acts under Article 42 (5) of this Proclamation; or
d)    uses the prior title certificate book, an identification number plate or annual inspection sticker after the replacement of such document on account of its loss or other reasons;
shall, upon conviction by a court and unless punishable with higher penalty pursuant to the provisions of the Criminal Code, be punished with a fine from Birr 2,500 to Birr 5,000 or simple imprisonment not exceeding two years, or both.
3/ Any personnel of the appropriate organ or a delegated organization who issues or causes the issuance of an, inspection certificate with respect to a vehicle that has not fully met the prescribed inspection criteria shall, upon conviction by a court and unless punishable with higher penalty pursuant to the provisions of the Criminal Code, be punished with a fine not exceeding Birr 3,000 and simple imprisonment from six months to two years.
4/ A person aggrieved with the imposition of fines pursuant to the provisions of sub-article (1) of this Article may lodge an appeal to the competent court within 30 days from the date of the decision of the appropriate organ.
5/ Where a person fails to settle fines imposed on him within 30 days from the date of the decision of the appropriate organ or, in case of appeal pursuant to sub-article (4) of this Article, from the date the appeal is rejected, the concerned police officer shall have the power to detain the vehicle, with respect to which the offense has been committed, until the presentation of a receipt of payment.
49.    Power to Issue Regulation
1/ The Council of Ministers may issue regulations necessary for the proper implementation of this Proclamation.
2/ The Ministry of Transport and Communication may issue directives necessary for the implementation of this Proclamation and regulations issued under sub-article (1) of this Article.
50.    Implementation of the Proclamation
The Authority shall, with a view to ensuring the uniform application of the provisions of this Proclamation and regulations and directives issued hereunder throughout the country, follow up their implementation and provide the necessary technical assistance of regional organs in charge of registration and inspection of vehicles.
51.    Repealed and Inapplicable Laws
1/ The Motor Vehicle and Trailer Identification, Inspection and Registration Regulation No. 360/1969 (as amended) is hereby repealed.
2/ No law, regulations, directives or practice shall, in so far as it is inconsistent with this Proclamation, be applicable with respect to matters provided for by this Proclamation.
52.    Effective Date
This Proclamation shall enter into force up on the date of publication in the Federal Negarit Gazeta.
Done at Addis Ababa, this 11th day of August, 2010

GIRMA WOLDEGIORGIS
PRESIDENT OF THE FEDERAL
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA
************************