CRIMES AND CRIMINALS
SCOPE OF THE LAW
Object and Purpose
Principle of Legality
Other Penal Legislation
Equality Before the Law
SCOPE OF APPLICATION OF THE LAW
Section I- Conditions as to Time
Non-retrospective Effect of Criminal Law
Exception: Application of the More Favourable Law
Application as to Measures
Application as to Periods of Limitation
Enforcement of Judgements passed under Repealed Legislation.
Application as to Cancellation and Reinstatement
Section II- Conditions as to Place
Sub-section I- Principal Application
Crimes Committed on Ethiopian Territory: Normal Case
Special Case: Delegation
Crimes Committed against Ethiopia Outside Its Territory
Crimes Committed in a Foreign Country by an Ethiopian Enjoying Immunity
Crimes Committed in a Foreign Country by a Member of the Defence Forces
Effect of Foreign Sentences
Sub-section II- Subsidiary Application
Crimes Committed Outside Ethiopia Against International
Law or Universal Order
Other Crimes Committed Outside Ethiopia
Conditions of Subsidiary Application
Effect of Foreign Sentences
Sub-section III-General Provisions
Recognition of Foreign Sentences
Relationship of Cause and Effect
Place and Time of the Crime
DEGREES IN THE COMMISSION OF THE CRIME
Renunciation and Active Repentance
Crime Impossible of Completion
Special Case of Attempt
Discretionary Power of the Court
PARTICIPATION IN THE COMMISSION OF A CRIME
Participation in Cases of Special Crimes
Participation of a Juridical Person in a Crime.
Failure to reporter
Accessory After the Fact
Non-transmissibility of Personal Circumstances
PARTICIPATION IN CRIMES RELATING TO THE MASS MEDIA
Liability for Crimes Committed through the Mass Media.
Special Criminal Liability of the Author, Originator, or
Secrecy of the Identity of a Source
Exclusion of Double Liability
Section I- Ordinary Responsibility
Criminal Responsibility and Irresponsibility.
Crimes Committed in a State of Irresponsibility Caused by intoxication or Other Similar Conditions
Expert Examination in Doubtful Cases
Section II- Infants and Juvenile Delinquents
Infancy: Exoneration from Criminal Provisions
Special Provisions Applicable to Young Persons.
Expert Evidence and Enquiry.
Assessment of Sentence.
Criminals Over Fifteen but Under Eighteen Years of Age.
Section I- Intention, Negligence and Accident
Principle: Criminal Fault and Accident
Sub-section I Guilt in Case of a Simple Crime
Sub-section II- Criminal Guilt in Case of Concurrence and Recidivism
Unity of Guilt and Penalty
Renewal of Guilt Entailing a Fresh Penalty
Guilt in Case of Related Crimes
Guilt in Case of Other Concurrent Material Crimes
Guilt in Case of Notional Concurrence Violating Different
Guilt in Case of Notional Concurrence Resulting in Crimes with Various Material Consequences
Guilt in Case of Recidivism.
Section II- Lawful Acts, Justifiable Acts and Excuses
Sub-section I- Lawful Acts
Acts Required or Authorized by Law
Sub-section II- Justifiable Acts and Excuses
Consent of the Victim
Responsibility of Person Giving an Order
Responsibility of the Subordinate
Excess of Necessity
Military State of Necessity
Excess in Legitimate Defence
Mistake of Fact
Mistake of Law and Ignorance of Law
Section III- Extenuating and Aggravating Circumstances
General Extenuating Circumstances
Special Mitigating Circumstances: Family and Affection Relationships
General Aggravating Circumstances
Special Aggravating Circumstances: Concurrence and Recidivism
Other General Extenuating and aggravating
THE CRIMINAL PUNISHMENT AND ITS APPLICATION
Calculation of Sentence
ORDINARY PUNISHMENTS APPLICABLE TO ADULTS
Section I- Principal Punishments
Sub-Section I- Pecuniary Penalties
Paragraph I- Fine, Confiscation and Sequestration
Fine: Principles to be applied When Fine Imposed
The Imposition of Fine in Addition to Imprisonment
Motive of Gain as an Aggravating Circumstance
Recovery of Fine
Steps Taken by the Court When Fine is not Paid Forthwith
Conversion of Fine into Labour
Conversion of Fine into Compulsory Labour
Suspension of Enforcement of Compulsory Labour
Confiscation of Property
Sequestration of Property
Paragraph II. Other Pecuniary Effects
Forfeiture to the State.
Restitution of Property, Compensation for Damages and Costs
Compensation to Injured Party.
Sub-section II- Compulsory Labour and Penalties Entailing Loss of Liberty
Paragraph I- Compulsory Labour
Compulsory Labour with Deduction of Wages to the Benefit of the State
Compulsory Labour With Restriction of Personal Liberty
Suspension of Sentence During Illness
Paragraph II- Penalties Entailing Loss of Liberty
Substitution of Compulsory Labour for Simple imprisonment
Separation of Sexes and Segregation
Obligation to Do Work and Benefits Accruing There from
Variation of Conditions of Imprisonment
Conditional Release before Expiry of Period of Sentence
Execution of Sentence in the Case of Members of the Defence Forces
Deduction of Period of Remand
Period of Time Spent in Hospital and Transfer in Case of Illness
Sub-section III- Punishment of Death
Treatment of Prisoner Awaiting Execution
Cases Where Death penalty May be Suspended
Commutation of Sentences of Death
Section II- Secondary Punishments
Caution, Reprimand, Admonishment and Apology
Deprivation of Rights
Period of Deprivation
Date from Which Deprivation Shall have Effect
Dismissal from the Defence Forces and Reduction in Rank
MEASURES APPLICABLE TO ADULTS IN SPECIAL CASES
Section I- Measures Applicable to Irresponsible
Persons and Criminals with a Limited Responsibility
Duration of Confinement or Treatment
Effect of Limited Responsibility upon Penalty
Section II- GENERAL MEASURES FOR PURPOSES OF
PREVENTION AND PROTECTION
Sub-section I- Measures of a Material Nature
Guarantee of Good Conduct: Principle
Refusal of Recognizance of Guarantee
Inability to Furnish a Guarantee
Repetition of the Measure
Seizure of Dangerous Articles
Common Provision: General Preventive Application
Sub-section II- Measures Entailing Restrictions on Activities
Suspension and Withdrawal of a License
Prohibition and closing of an Undertaking
Effect of Non-observance
Sub-section III- Measures Entailing a Restriction on Personal Liberty
Prohibition from Resorting to Certain Places
Prohibition of Settle Down or Reside in a Place
Obligation to Reside in a Specified Place or Area
Placing Under Supervision
Withdrawal of Official papers
Prohibition from Residing in the Territory; Expulsion
Suspension of the Measures by way of Probation
Penalty in Case of Violation of Safety Provisions
Sub-section IV- Measures for Purposes of Information
Notification to the Competent Authority
Publication of the Judgement
Entry in Judgement Register
MEASURES AND PENALTIES APPLICABLE TO YOUNG PERSONS
Section I- Period Between Ages of Nine and Fifteen
Sub-section I- Ordinary Measures
Admission to a Curative Institution
School or Home Arrest
Admission to a Corrective Institution
Duration of the Measures
Variation of the Measures
Legal Effect of the Measures
Sub-section III. Common Provisions
Petty Cases; Waiving of Penalty for Definite Reasons
Special Period of Limitation
Suspended Sentence and Period of Probation
Effect of Measures and Penalties upon Civil Rights
Preventive and Protective Measures of a General Nature
Publication of Judgement and Entry in Judgement Register
Cancellation of Entry and Reinstatement
Section II- Period Between Ages of Fifteen and Eighteen
DETERMINATION AND SUSPENSION OF THE PENALTY
Section I- Determination
Assessment of the Penalty in Case of Mitigation or Aggravation Provided by Law
Sub-section I- Rules Governing Mitigation and Exemption
Exemption from and Waiving of Penalty
Sub-section II- Rules Governing Aggravation
Aggravation of Penalty in Case of Concurrent Crimes.
Aggravation of Penalty in Case of Notional Concurrence.
Aggravation in Case of Recidivism.
Sub-section III- Cumulation of Extenuating and Aggravating
Cumulation of Different Extenuating and Aggravating Circumstances
Section II- Suspension of Penalty
Sub-section I- Conditional Suspension of Penalty
Suspension of Pronouncement of the Penalty;
Suspension of Enforcement of the Penalty.
Cumulation of Penalties, Divisibility of Suspension.
Disallowance and Withdrawal of Suspension.
Common Provisions: Period of Probation.
Conditions of the Probation.
Rules of Conduct to be Imposed upon the Criminal.
Control and Supervision.
Effect of Failure of Probation.
Sub-section II- Conditional Release
Conditions for Release.
Information Concerning Conditional Release.
Period of Probation.
Rules of Conduct and of Supervision.
Result of Probation.
Effect of Prohibitions and Other Measures.
Sub-section III- Supervision by a Charitable Organization
Purpose and Duties.
DISCONTINUANCE AND EXTINCTION OF
THE PROSECUTION AND THE PENALTY
Section I- Absence of Accuser or Accused
Sub-section I- Absence of Accusation or Complaint
Right of Complaint or Accusation in General.
Crimes Punishable upon a Formal Complaint.
Time within which to lodge a Complaint.
Sub-section II- Death of an Accused or a Convicted Person
Death of the Accused Prior to Conviction.
Death of a Convicted Person.
Section II- Limitation as to Prosecution and Penalties
Sub-section I- Limitation as to Prosecution
Principle and Effect.
Ordinary Limitation Periods.
Calculation of Periods.
Suspension of Period of Limitation.
Interruption of Period of Limitation.
Sub-section II- Limitation of Penalties and Measures
Principle and Effect.
Ordinary Periods of Limitation of Penalties and Measures
Calculation of the Period.
Suspension of Period of Limitation of Penalty and Measures
Interruption of Period of Limitation of Penalty.
Absolute Period of Limitation of Penalties and Measures.
Section III- Pardon and Amnesty
Civil Reparation and Costs.
Section IV- Reinstatement
Conditions for Reinstatement.
Effects of Reinstatement.
Dismissal and Renewal of the Request.
Revocation of the Decision
S P E C I A L P A R T
NATIONAL OR INTERNATIONAL INTERESTS
Crimes Against The State
CRIMES AGAINST THE NATIONAL STATE
Section I- Crimes against The Constitutional Order and the Internal Security of the States
Sub-section I- Crimes Against the Constitution or the State
Outrages against the Constitution or the Constitutional Order.
Obstruction of the exercise of Constitutional Powers.
Armed Rising or Civil War.
Attack on the Political or Territorial Integrity of the State.
Violation of Territorial or Political Sovereignty.
Unlawful Departure, Entry or Residence.
Sub-section II- Injuries and Insult to the State
Attacks against the State and National and other Emblems.
Unlawful use of Official emblems.
Section II- Crimes against the External Security and
Power of the State
Attacks on the Independence of the State.
Impairment of the Defensive Power of the State.
Collaboration with the Enemy.
Protection extended to Allied Powers.
Section III- Common Provisions
Indirect Aid and Encouragement.
Attempted Incitement and Assistance.
Material preparation of Subversive Acts.
Provocation and Preparation.
Aggravation to the Crime.
Additional penalties and measures.
Confiscation of Property.
CRIMES AGAINST FOREIGN STATES
Hostile Acts Against a Foreign State.
Outrages against Foreign Heads of State, Representatives and Other Persons Enjoying Protections under International Law.
Violation of Foreign Sovereignty.
Insults to Foreign States.
Insults to the Official Emblems of Foreign States.
Insults to Inter-State Institutions.
Condition of Prosecution.
War Crimes against the civilian Population.
War Crimes against Wounded, Sick or Shipwrecked
Persons or Medical Services
War Crimes against Prisoners and Interned Persons.
Pillage, Piracy and Looting.
Provocation and Preparation.
Dereliction of Duty Towards the Enemy.
Use of Illegal Means of Combat.
Breach of Armistice or Peace Treaty.
Maltreatment of, or Dereliction of Duty towards,
Wounded, Sick or Prisoners.
Denial of Justice.
CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITARIAN ORGANIZATIONS
Hostile Acts against International Humanitarian Organizations
Abuse of Emblems and Insignia of International Humanitarian Organizations
Hostile Acts against the Bearer of a Flag of Truce.
Section I- Breaches of Liability to Serve
Refusal to Perform Military Service.
Failure to Comply With a Calling-up Order.
Intentionally Contracted Unfitness.
Fraudulent Evasion of Service.
Absence without leave.
Voluntary Failure to Rejoin the Defiance Forces.
Section II- Abuse of Military Authority
Unlawful Exemption from Service.
Threats or Violence against an Inferior.
Section III- Breaches of Military Duty
Sub-section I- Crimes Endangering Good Service Regulations
Infringement of General Service Regulations.
Incomplete or inaccurate official statements.
Drunkenness of Active Duty.
Want of Discipline.
Insults or Threats to, or Assaults upon, a Person of Superior or Equal Rank
Conspiracy or Concert to Raise a Mutiny.
Incitement and Assistance.
Crimes against Guards, Sentries or Patrols.
Sub-section II- Crimes against Guard Duty or Instructions
Breaches of Guard Duty.
Infringement of Military Instructions.
Disclosure or Alteration of Instructions
Sub-section III- Crimes against Honesty
Misuse or Waste of Material.
Malversation or Receipt of ill-gotten gains.
Failure to report Danger.
Failure to take Essential Security Measures.
Raising a False Alarm.
Demoralization of the Defence Forces.
Abandonment of Means of War Intact.
Improper use of Enemy Uniform or Arms.
Abandonment of a Wounded or Killed Member.
Crime Committed against the possessions of a wounded or killed Member.
Section V- Common Provisions
Crimes Committed by Civilians or by Members or the Militia.
Crimes Committed by Prisoners of War or Military Internees.
Breaches of Military Duty Committed by Officers or Commanding Officers
Additional Penalties in Grave Cases.
Disciplinary Penalties Excepted.
CRIMES AGAINST THE DEFENCE FORCES AND
Section I- Crimes against Members of the Defence Forces on Active Duty
Compelling breaches of duty
Attack on a Member of the Defence Forces while on Active Duty
Section II- Crimes against the Defence Forces And their Auxiliary Services
Branch of Legal or Contractual Obligations
Traffic in Military Material
Unauthorized manufacture of, and traffic in, Military Uniforms, Insignia or Decorations
Unauthorized Wearing of Military Uniforms, Decorations or Insignia
Disregard of Military Measures.
Incitement to Disregard Military Orders.
Disregard of Prohibitions Protecting Specified Military Zones and Objects
Falsification or Suppression of General Orders of Instructions
Failure to Report Crimes Against the Defence Forces and Breaches of Military Obligations
Disclosure of Military Secrets.
False or Tendentious Information.
Section III- Common Provisions
Aggravation of Punishment in Cases of State of Emergency or War
Crimes Committed for Gain
APPLICATION OF ARTICLES 284-337 TO THE POLICE
Principle of Application
The Application of the Provisions Regarding Public Servants on the Police
Crimes Committed in Branch of Special Legislation.
Kind and Extent of Penalties.
Collateral penalties Relating to Taxes and Dues.
Illicit Traffic in Gold, Currencies or Foreign Exchange.
Illicit Traffic in Precious Minerals.
Dealings Endangering the Credit of the State’s Finance.
Unlawful Refusal to Pay Public Taxes or Dues.
Incitement to Refusal to pay Taxes.
Endangering Sources of revenue.
Crimes against the National Economy and State Monopolies.
Aggravation to the Crime.
COUNTERFEIT CURRENCY, BOND OR SECURITY DOCUMENTS
General Provision Concerning Juridical Person
Importation, Exportation, acquisition, Acceptance in Trust or Offer.
Presumption of Intent to Utter.
FALSIFICATION OF OFFICIAL SEALS, STAMPS,
MARKS, WEIGHTS AND MEASURES
Falsification or Improper use of the Seals of the State.
Falsification and Improper use of other Public or Private Seals.
Falsification of Official Marks.
Falsification of Official Stamps of Value.
Falsification of Weights and Measures.
Importation, Exportation, Purchase, Acceptance in Trust and Offer.
Counterfeiting without intent to defraud.
Endangering of the Currency, Bonds or Security
Documents, or Official Marks, Stamps or Seals.
Machinery and Means of Falsification.
Special Aggravating Circumstances.
Protection of the Interests of Foreign States.
CRIMES AGAINST THE PUBLIC INTEREST OR THE COMMUNITY
Falsification, Forgery And Suppression Of Instruments
Use of Forged Instruments.
Forgery or Falsification of Public or Military Documents.
Suppression of Instruments.
Suppression of Public or Military Documents.
Falsification or Suppression of Commercial instruments or Negotiable Securities
True or Certified Copies.
Falsification and use of False Public Transport Tickets.
FORGERY OR CERTIFICATES
Fraudulent Procurement of False Official Certification.
Issuing False Medical Certificate.
False Declaration and Entries.
Instruments and Means of Falsification.
FALSIFICATION OF GOODS
Falsification and Adulteration.
Importation, Exportation, Acquisition and Storing of Goods.
Aggravation and Collateral Penalties.
Falsification and Adulteration Injurious to Health.
Breaches of Military Secrecy.
Breaches of Official Secrecy.
Breaches of Professional Secrecy.
Disclosure of Scientific, Industrial or Trade Secrets.
Crimes Against Public Office
Presumption of Intent to Obtain Advantage or to Injure.
The Concurrent Application of Administrative Penalties and Compensation
Exemption from Prosecution.
CRIMES COMMITTED BY PUBLIC SERVANTS
AGAINST PUBLIC OFFICE
Section I- Corruption Crimes Committed by Public Servants Breach of Trust and Good Faith
Abuse of Power
Acceptance of Undue Advantages
Corruption Committed by Arbitrators and Other Persons
Unlawful Disposal of Object in Charge
Appropriation and Misappropriation in the Discharge of Duties
Traffic in Official Influence
Illegal Collection or Disbursement
Undue Delay of Matters
Taking Things of Value without or with Inadequate Consideration
Granting and Approving License Improperly.
Possession of Unexplained Property
Section II- Crimes Committed in Breach of Official Duties
Crimes Committed in Dereliction of Duty
Abuse of the Right of Search or Seizure.
Unlawful Arrest or Detention.
Use of Improper Methods.
Unlawful Release and Aiding to Escape.
Release of Prisoners of War, or Military Internees and Aiding to Escape
CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC OFFICE BY THIRD PARTIES
Section I- Crimes of Corruption Committed by Third Parties in Connection with Public Office
Soliciting of Corrupt practices.
Giving Things of Value Without or With Inadequate Consideration.
Acting as a go-between.
Use of Pretended Authority.
Traffic in Private Influence.
Section II- Crimes Committed by Third Parties Against the performance of Public Duty
Contempt of official notices and proclamations.
Engaging in an activity without or beyond the scope of a License.
Infraction of the Rules Concerning Compulsory Registration.
Branch of Prohibition to publish Official Debates or Documents
Usurpation of Powers.
Obstruction of Government Functions and Breaches of the Duty to co-operate.
Braking of Seals and Misappropriation of Objects.
Violence and Coercion
CRIMES AGAINST JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS
Failure to Report a Crimes
Crimes against whistle blowers or Witnesses.
Harbouring and Aiding.
False Denunciation or Accusation.
Refusal to Aid Justice.
Contempt of Court.
Breach of Secrecy of Proceedings.
Publication of Inaccurate or Forbidden Reports of Proceedings
PERJURY AND COGNATE CRIMES
False Statements by a Party.
False Testimony, Opinion or Translation.
Correction or Withdrawal.
Provocation and Suborning.
Misrepresentation in Proceedings.
Tendentious Publications intended to pervert the Course of Justice.
Betrayal of Interests.
CRIMES AGAINST EXECUTION OF SENTENCE
Non-observance of Secondary Penalties and Preventive Measures.
Obstruction of Execution of Sentence.
Escape of Prisoner.
Procuring of, and aiding to, Escape.
Escape of Prisoners of War and Military Internees and Aiding them to Escape
Mutiny of Prisoners.
Breaking of Bounds.
Disturbance and Prevention of Electoral Meetings and Proceedings
Interference with the Exercise of the Right of Voting or Election.
Corrupt Electoral Practices.
Concurrence of Crimes.
Breach of Secrecy of the Ballot.
Removal or Destruction of Ballot Papers or Boxes.
CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC SECURITY
SECTION I- CRIMES CALCULATED OR LIKELY TO PROVOKE
THE COMMISSION OF OTHER CRIMES
Harbouring and Assisting of Evil-doers.
Public Provocation to or Defence of a Crime.
Prohibited Traffic in Arms.
Section II- Crimes Calculated or Likely to Provoke Public Disturbances.
Forbidden Societies and Meetings.
Secret Societies and Armed Bands.
Alarming the Public.
Inciting the Public through False Rumours.
CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC PEACE AND TRANQUILITY
Disturbances of Meetings or Assemblies.
Disturbances Resulting from Acts Committed in a State of Culpable Irresponsibility
Outrage on Religious Peace and Feeling.
Outrage on the Repose and Dignity of the Dead.
CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC SAFETY
Provocation of Natural Disaster.
Damage to Installations or Protective Works.
Crimes Resulting from Negligence.
Danger caused by the use of Explosive, Inflammable or poisonous Substances
Illicit Making, Acquisition, Concealment or Transport of Explosive, Inflammable or Poisonous Substances.
Culpable Infringement of Building Rules.
Removal or Culpable Omission of Protective Apparatus or Devices
Failure to Give Warning of Grave Public Danger.
CRIMES AGAINST THE FREEDOM AND
SECURITY OF COMMUNICATIONS
Damage to Services and Installations of Public Interest. Grave Endangering or Sabotage of Communications or Transport.
Unlawful Seizure or Control of an Aircraft.
Endangering Fixed Platform on a Continental Shelf or an Aircraft or a Ship.
Damage to Fixed Platform, an Aircraft or a Ship.
Misuse of Signals and Alarms.
Unlawful Consignment of Dangerous Goods.
Participation of a Juridical Person in a Crime.
Crimes Against Public Health
INFRINGEMENT OF THE GENERAL PROTECTIVE
Section I- Crimes Committed by Spreading Diseases and Polluting the Environment
Spreading of Human Diseases.
Spreading Animal Diseases.
Propagation of an Agricultural or Forest Parasite.
Contamination of Water.
Contamination of Pasture land.
Mismanagement of Hazardous Wastes and other Materials.
Acts Contrary to Environmental Impact Assessment.
Infringement of Preventive and Protective Public Health Measures
Creation of Distress or Famine.
Participation of a Juridical Person
Section II- Crimes Committed Through Production and
Distribution of Substances Hazardous to Human and Animal Health
Producing, Making, Trafficking in or Using Poisonous or Narcotic and Psychotropic Substances.
Manufacture, Adulteration and Sale of Injurious or Damaged Products or Foodstuffs.
Manufacture, Adulteration and Sale of Fodder and Products Injurious to Live-Stock.
Participation of a Juridical Person.
Endangering the Health of Another by Alcoholic Beverages or Spirituous Liquors.
Endangering by Mental Means or Practices.
Endangering by Philtres, Spells or Similar Means.
INFRINGEMENTS OF CURATIVE AND PROTECTIVE PROVISIONS
Unlawful Exercise of the Medical or Public-Health Professions.
Unlawful Delivery of Poisonous or Dangerous Substances.
Refusal to Provide Medical Assistance.
CRIMES AGAINST INDIVIDUALS AND THE FAMILY
Crimes Against Life, Person And Health
CRIMES AGAINST LIFE
SECTION I- Homicide and its Forms
Instigating or Aiding another to Commit Suicide.
Homicide by Negligence.
Section II Crimes against Life Unborn; Abortion
Abortion Procured by the Pregnant Woman.
Abortion Procured by Another.
Attempt to Procure an Abortion on a Non-Pregnant Woman.
Cases where Terminating Pregnancy is Allowed by Law.
Procedure of Terminating Pregnancy and the Penalty of Violating the Procedure.
CRIMES AGAINST PERSON AND HEALTH
Expert Assessment In Case of Doubtful Cases
Grave Wilful Injury
Common Wilful Injury
Consequences not Intended by the Criminal
Injuries caused by Negligence
CRIMES COMMITTED AGAINST LIFE, PERSON AND HEALTH
THROUGH HARMFUL TRADITIONAL PRACTICES
Endangering the Lives of Pregnant Women and Children Through Harmful Traditional Practices
Causing Bodily Injury to Pregnant Women and Children Through Harmful Traditional Practices
Discretion of the Court
Violence Against a Marriage Partner or a Person cohabiting in an Irregular Union
Infibulation of the Female Genitalia
Bodily Injuries Caused Through Other Harmful Traditional Practices
Transmission of Disease Through Harmful Traditional Practices
Participation in Harmful Traditional Practices
Incitement Against the Enforcement of Provisions Prohibiting Harmful Traditional Practices
CRIMES ENDANGERING LIFE, PERSON OR HEALTH
Exposure of the Life of Another
Exposing to Danger through the Violation of Traffic Regulations
Endangering the Human Body
Exposure or abandonment of another
Failure to Lend aid to another
Maltreatment of Minors
Duelling: Challenge, Incitement and Aiding
CRIMES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY
Threat of Accusation of Disgrace.
Deprivation of Powers of Decision.
Combination of Crimes.
Abduction of Another.
Abduction of a Woman.
Abduction of an Unconscious or Defenceless Woman.
Abduction of a Minor.
Aggravation to the Crime.
Substitution of an Infant for Another and Taking Away of an Infant belonging to Another.
Failure to Produce a Minor.
Ascendants’ Special Case.
Trafficking in Women and Children.
Unlawful Sending of Ethiopians for Work Abroad.
Participation of Illegal Associations and Juridical Persons in Crimes Specified in this Chapter.
Default of Supervision of Control.
CRIMES AGAINST OTHER PERSONS’ RIGHTS
Restraint of the Free Exercise of Civil Rights.
Violation of the Right of Freedom of Movement.
Violation of the Right of Freedom to work.
Violation of Privacy of Domicile or Restricted Areas.
Aggravation to the crime.
Violation of the Privacy of Correspondence or Consignments
Means of Commission.
Punishment to be imposed where the Crime is Committed by Juridical Persons
Non-Punishable Comment and Averments.
SPECIAL PROVISIONS; INJURY TO HONOUR
Defamation and Calumny
Truthful Assertions and Safeguarding of Higher Interest Excepted
Insulting Behavior and Outrage
Provocation and Retaliation
Withdrawal and Repentance
Special Cases Aggravating the Crime Proceedings in Respect of Injury to the Honour of Absent of Deceased Persons.
CRIMES AGAINST MORALS
Section I- Injury to Sexual Liberty and Chastity
Compelling a Man to Sexual Intercourse
Sexual Outrages Accompanied by Violence
Sexual Outrages on Unconscious or Deluded Persons, or on Persons Incapable of Resisting
Sexual Outrages on Persons in Hospital, Interned or Under Detention
Taking Advantage of the Distress or Dependence of a Woman
Sexual Outrages on Minors between the Ages of Thirteen and Eighteen Years
Sexual Outrages Committed on Infants.
Other Grounds Aggravating the Crime
Section II- Sexual Deviations
Homosexual and other Indecent Acts
General Aggravation to the Crime
Homosexual and Other Indecent acts Performed on Minors.
Participation of a Juridical Person in Sexual Outrages Committed on Minors
Sexual Intercourse with an Animal
Section III- EXPLOITATION OF THE IMMORALITY OF OTHERS
Habitual Exploitation for Pecuniary Gain
Traffic in Women and Minors
Aggravation to the Crime
Organization of Traffic in Women and Minors
Criminal Liability of a Juridical person
Section IV- CRIMES TENDING TO CORRUPT MORALS
Public Indecency and Outrages against Morals
Obscene or Indecent Publications
Obscene or Indecent Performances
Indecent Publicity and Advertisements
Protection of Minors
Criminal Liability of a Juridical Person
CRIMES AGAINST THE FAMILY
Section I- CRIMES AGAINST THE INSTITUTION OF MARRIAGE
Fraud and Deceit in Marriage
Solemnizing or Contracting an unlawful Marriage
Where Solemnization or Conclusion of an Unlawful Marriage is not Punishable
Death of Complainant
SECTION II- SEXUAL CRIMES BETWEEN RELATIVES
Indecent Behavior between Relatives
Section III – CRIMES AGAINST COMPULSORY REGISTRATION AND FAMILY DUTIES
Omission to Register the Birth of an Infant or to Report its Abandonment
False Registration, Supposition and Substitution or Infants
Failure to Maintain
Failure to bring up
Concurrence of Crimes
Criminal Liability of a Minor
CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY
Presumption of Unlawful or Unjustifiable Enrichment
Proceedings in the Event of a Crime within the Family
CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY
Section I- CRIMES AGAINST MOVABLE PROPERTY
Abstraction of Things Jointly Owned
Abstraction to the Detriment of a Deceased Person
Breach of Trust.
Aggravated Breach of Trust
Misuse or Waste of State or Public Property
Unlawful Use of the Property of Another
Misappropriation of Lost Property
Misappropriation of Things without Owner or of Natural Resources
Money Laundering and Aiding.
Section II- CRIMES AGAINST IMMOVABLE PROPERTY
Damage to Property of Another Caused by Herds or Flocks
Disturbance of Possession
Disturbance of Another’s Holdings
Displacement and Removal of Boundary Marks
Section III- DAMAGE TO PROPERTY
CRIMES AGAINST RIGHTS IN PROPERTY
Section I- CRIMES INVOLVING FRAUD
Drawing of Cheque without Cover
Fraudulent Manipulation of Stock Exchange Transactions
Gaming in Stocks or Merchandise
Aggravated Fraudulent Misrepresentation
Fraudulent Acts Relating to Insurance.
Misrepresentation by Forgery.
Misrepresentation by Fraudulent Exploitation of Public Credulity
Other Fraudulent Acts
Mismanagement of Private Interests
Incitement to Speculation
Incitement of Incapable Persons to carry out Prejudicial Assignments
Section II- Computer Crimes
Access, Taking or Using Computer Services without Authorization
Causing Damage to Data
Disrupting the Use of Computer Services by an Authorized User
Acts Committed to Facilitate the Commission of Computer Crimes
Concurrence of Crimes
Section III- Crimes involving Moral or Material Intimidation
Participation of a Juridical Person in a Crime
CRIMES AGAINST INTANGIBLE RIGHTS
Attack on Another’s Credit
Harmful False Information
Infringement of Marks, Declarations of Origin, Designs or Models
Infringement of Rights Relating to Literary, Artistic or Creative Works.
Right of Complaint
CRIMES RELATING TO PROCEEDINGS OF DEBT, EXECUTION AND BANKRUPTCY
Fraud in Execution
Misappropriation or Destruction of Property Subject to Pledge or Lien
Misappropriation or Destruction of Property Subject to a Court Order
Purchase of Votes
CODE OF PETTY OFFENCES
PEOPLE OF THE LEGAL PROVISIONS
Reference to General Principles
Application as to Offence
Equality before the Law
Application as to Place
LIABILITY TO PUNISHMENT
Punishable Acts and Persons
Conditions for Liability to Punishment
Measures for Purposes of Clarification
Justification and Excuses
Extenuating and Aggravating Circumstances
PENALTIES AND MEASURES APPLICABLE
Section I- Principal Penalties
Exclusion of Ordinary Criminal Penalties
Enforcement of Ordinary Arrest
Arrest in a Home or an Establishment
Special Method of Enforcement in case of Members of the Defence Forces and Young Offenders
Compulsory Labour in substitution for Arrest
Fine; Ordinary Case
Conversion of Fine into Compulsory Labour
Recovery of Fine; Special Case of Members of the Defence
Reparation of the Damage
Section II- Secondary Penalties
Warning and Reproof
Exclusion of Forfeiture of Rights
Section III- Safety Measures
Guarantee of Good Conduct
Confiscation and Forfeiture to the State prohibition of Undertakings and Suspension of a Work Permit
Principal Cases Where Confiscation and Suspension are Applicable
Prohibitions and Restrictions upon Liberty Affecting Persons.
Section IV- MEASURES FOR PURPOSE OF INFORMATION
Notice to the Authority Concerned and Publication.
Entry into the Register of Judgements.
ENFORCEMENT OF THE PENALTY
Exclusion of Suspension and Conditional Release
Extenuation of the Penalty
Ordinary Aggravation of the Penalty
Aggravation in case of Concurrence
Aggravation in Case of Recidivism
Concurrence and Recidivism
CONDITIONS FOR INSTITUTING PROCEEDINGS,
SUSPENDING AND EXTINGUISHING THE
PROSECUTION AND THE PENALTY
Conditions as to Complaint
Pardon and Amnesty
General Provisions regarding Petty Offences not expressly covered under this Title
General Provision regarding Participation of a Juridical Person in Petty Offences under this Title
PETTY OFFENCES AGAINST STATE OR PUBLIC INTERESTS
Section I- Petty Offences against Public Credit and Confidence
Refusal of Legal Tender
Failure to Report the Possession of Counterfeit Money
Use of Illicit Weights and Measures
Use of Expired or Falsified Transport Titles
Fraudulent Securing and Use of Degrees and Certificates
Unlawful Making of, Trafficking in, and Wearing of, Civilian Decorations and Insignia
Section II- Petty Offences of a Fiscal, Administrative or Financial Nature
Violation of Provisions dealing with Fiscal Rights
Violations of Provisions Dealing with Illicit Traffic in Gold, or Currencies
Violation of Provisions on Precious Metals
Violation of Provisions Regarding Negotiable Instruments
Violation of Provisions Concerning Savings and Banks
Violation of Provisions Regarding Lotteries, Gambling and Betting
Violation of Provisions on Price Control
Violation of Provisions Regarding Organization, Exercise and Control of Trades and Professions
BREACHES OF MILITARY DUTIES AND
CONTRAVENTIONS AGAINST THE DEFENCE AND POLICE FORCES
Determining Military Contraventions
Military Disciplinary penalties
Contravention’s against the Defence Forces
Application the Police
PETTY OFFENCES AGAINST THE DUTIES OF A PUBLIC OFFICE OR A PUBLIC AUTHORITY
Section I- Petty Offences against the Duties of a Public Office
Misuse of Authority in the discharge of a Public Office
Misuse of the Right of Constraint
Lack of Honesty
Careless handing over of Official Papers
Cases of Minor Importance; Disciplinary Punishments
Section II- Petty Offences against a Public Authority
Damage to Official Publications
Failure to Make Compulsory Official Statements or Entries
Abuse of Right
Refusal to Lend Assistance to a Public Authority
Refusal to Obey an Injunction
Petty Offences Against Public Safety, Peace And Security
Section I- Offence against Public Safety
Control of Arms and Ammunition
Carrying and Use of Prohibited Arms
Control of Aliens
Unauthorized Change or Assumption of Another Name
Section II- Petty Offences against Public Peace, Tranquillity and Order
Breaches Against Laws Concerning the Mass Media and Advertisements
Alarming Announcements, News or publications
Disturbance of Work or Rest of Others
Blasphemous or Scandalous Utterances or Attitudes
Observance of Official Holidays
Measures against Alcoholism
Causing Public Scandal while Drunk or Intoxicated
Supervision of Inns
Supervision of Theatrical Performances and Entertainments
Scandalous Treatment of Animals
Section III- Petty Offences against Public Security
Petty Offences against other persons’ Safety
Failure to Exercise Proper Supervision over Dangerous Persons or Animals
Control of Traffic at Night
Supervision of Buildings
Control of Streets and Public Places
Endangering Safety of Communications
Control of Fire, Explosive and Dangerous Substances
PETTY OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC HEALTH AND HYGIENE
Control of Public Health and Salubrity
Control of Toxic Substances and Drugs
Rendering another Person Unconscious or Stupefied
Control of Foodstuffs, Beverages and other Commodities
Regulation of the medical and Therapeutic Professions and Hospitals
Failure to Make Compulsory Notifications
Failure to Afford Attendance
Regulation of Burials and Cremations
General Provision Regarding Petty Offences not Covered Under this Title
General Provision Regarding Participation of a Juridical Person in Petty Offences Under this Title
PETTY OFFENCES AGAINST PERSONS
Section I- Petty Offences Relating to the protection of Persons
Assault and Minor Acts of Violence
Concealment of a Corpse
Petty Offences against Personal Liberty
Infringement of the Right to private Secrecy
Slight Petty Offences against Honour
Section II- Petty Offences against Morality
Petty Offences against Decency and Morality
Immoral Soliciting and Debauchery
Advertising for Debauchery
Publicity relating Abortion
PETTY OFFENCES AGAINST PROPERTY
Section I- Protection of the National Wealth
Protection of Historical, Artistic and Natural Riches
Protection of the Flora and Fauna
Section II- Petty Offences against Property
Protection of Public and Private Property
Pilfering and Gleaning
Unjustified possession of Suspicious Articles
Failure to Notify the Competent Authority and Concealment of Property
Defacement of Depreciation of Another Person’s Property
Damage to Public Monuments
Section III- Petty Offences against Property in General
Malicious Injury to Another Person’s Interests
Fraudulent obtaining of other Benefits
PETTY ECONOMIC, TRADE OR MARITIME OFFENCES
Breach of the Provisions Concerning the Keeping of Books and Account
Resistance to Compulsory Execution.
Violation of Regulations regarding the Merchant Service